The number of hungry people in the world rose by 18 million during the second half of the 1990s after falling by 37 million in the first half, according to a new report by the Rome-based United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The report found there were 842 million undernourished people worldwide in 1999-2001, of whom 798 million were in developing countries, 34 million were in countries in transition and 10 million were in industrialised nations. The only regions in which hunger has decreased since the mid-1990s are Latin America and the Caribbean, and just 19 countries managed to reduce the number of undernourished people throughout the decade, including China. In 17 countries, including India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan and Sudan, the number of hungry people rose in the second half of the 1990s after falling during the first half. The FAO report highlights conflict, drought and high rates of HIV/AIDS as factors contributing to undernourishment, and says international trade, lower population growth and higher levels of economic and social development contribute to success in the war on hunger.
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