The Roman Forum, known in Latin as the Forum Romanum, was the centerpiece of ancient Rome. Initially developed in the 7th century BC, the site is full of winding paths and spectacular views. Among others, the site includes the remains of the Temple of Antoninus Pius, the Temple of Saturn, the Arch of Titus, the House of Vestals, the Curia, and the Arch of Septimius Severus. Another commonly frequented sightseeing destination located within the Forum is the Temple of Caesar, which was built by Augustus in 29 BC and marks where Julius Caesar was later cremated following his assassination in 44 BC.Address:Via della Salara Vecchia 5/6
The Pantheon was initially built by Marcus Agrippa from 25 to 27 BC, however, it experienced radical reconstruction by Emperor Hadrian between 118 and 125 AD. Emperor Hadrian designated the temple as a place of worship for all the pagan gods of Rome, although it was converted to a Christian church by Pope Boniface IV in 609. The Pantheon is the final resting place of Italian kings Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto, as well as famous Renaissance painter and architect Raphael. The dome of the Pantheon remains the world’s largest unreinforced concrete dome, standing 43 meters high at the oculus.Address:Piazza della Rotonda
Orto Botanico di Roma
Orto Botanico di Roma is made up of a sprawling 12 hectares of parkland and 2,000 square meters of greenhouse space. Located near the Baths of Caracalla, there are currently over 3,000 different species of plants living in the garden. Among these plants exist a variety of rare and endangered species, as well as several trees of cultural and historical significance. The garden was established in its current location in 1883, but the origins of Rome’s Botanical Gardens can be traced back to the 13th century. Orto Botanico is maintained by the Sapienza University of Rome’s Department of Plant Biology.Address:Largo Cristina di Svezia 24
Also known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian, Castel Sant’Angelo was initially commissioned as a final resting place for Roman Emperor Hadrian and his family between 134 and 139 AD. Over time, the cylindrical building has been repurposed as a fortress, a castle, and a museum. The building features the Passetto di Borgo, a secret passageway featured in the film Angels & Demons that connects the Vatican with Castel Sant’Angelo. The Passetto is 800 meters long and was used by Pope Alexander VI in 1494 to escape Charles VIII. The Castel sits along the Tiber River and offers a breathtaking view of Rome.Address:Lungotevere Castello 50
The Works of Caravaggio
The works of the artist Caravaggio, otherwise known as Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, are featured in a variety of locations throughout Rome. Named after his home town in Lombardy, Caravaggio’s The Calling of St. Matthew, The Martyrdom of St. Matthew, and St. Matthew and the Angel are located at the Church of St. Louis of the French, which can be found at Piazza di S. Luigi de' Francesi, 00186 Roma RM. His The Conversion of St. Paul and The Crucifixion of St. Peter are located in Santa Maria del Popolo, which can be found at Piazza del Popolo, 12, 00187 Roma RM. Another popular destination for Caravaggio’s work is the Galleria Borghese, which houses Madonna of the Serpent, Young Bacchus III, David with the Head of Goliath, and others. Its address is Piazzale Scipione Borghese, 5, 00197 Roma RM. For other works by Caravaggio, visit the Vatican and Capitoline Museums. Address:Multiple Locations
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